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They also would not rent apartments in white areas.
Black people fought in both World War I and World War II.
For example, Southern Democrats were able to make sure that laws against lynching did not pass.
Starting in 1890, Southern Democrats began to pass state laws that took away the rights African Americans had gained. For example, they included: Things were separate, but not equal. Individuals, groups, police, and huge crowds of people could hurt or even kill African Americans, without the government trying to stop them or punishing them. Segregation in housing was a problem across the United States.
The word "African-American" was not used at the time, so the movement was usually called The Civil Rights Movement.
However, the Civil Rights Movement was made up of many different people and groups. For example, the Black Power movement believed black people should demand their civil rights and force white leaders to give them those rights.
In 1957, the NAACP had signed up nine African American students (called the "Little Rock Nine") to go to Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Before this, only whites were allowed at the school. The Governor of Arkansas called out soldiers from the Arkansas National Guard to prevent the black students from even entering the school.
African Americans tried to fight back against discrimination in many ways.
They formed new groups and tried to form labor unions. For example, in 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was created.